Samuel Hanson Cox, an American clergyman, born at Leesville, N. J., Aug. 25, 1793. He was brought up in the society of Friends, of which his family were members. In 1811 he began the study of law, but abandoned it within a year for that of theology, and was ordained by the presbytery of New Jersey, July 1, 1817. In 1820 he became pastor of the Presbyterian church in Spring street, New York, and soon obtained prominence in the denomination. The degree of D. D. was conferred upon him by Williams college in 1825, but in a letter to a newspaper he declined to accept what he styled the " semi-lunar fardels;" he was always, however, styled Dr. Cox. In 1833 he visited Europe. During the early years of the anti-slavery agitation he took a prominent part in the movement, and his house and church were sacked by a mob, July 10, 1834. In the autumn of that year he became professor of sacred rhetoric in the theological seminary at Auburn, N. Y., and in 1837 pastor of the first Presbyterian church in Brooklyn, where he remained till 1854; and during a considerable part of this period he was also professor of ecclesiastical history in the Union theological seminary, New York. After the disruption of the Presbyterian church in 1837 he was a prominent member of the New School branch, was several times appointed its delegate to the religious gatherings in Europe, was one of the committee to prepare a hymn book for the denomination, and in 1846 was moderator of the general assembly.
He has been active in the benevolent and reformatory movements of the day, and noted for the peculiar style of his eloquence, for his rare conversational powers, and for his intense dislike of Episcopacy, especially as developed in its so-called high church form, some allusion to which was inevitable in almost all of his sermons and historical lectures. In 1854, his voice having partially failed, he resigned his pastorate, and took up his residence at Oswego, N. Y. Besides discourses and sermons, he has published "Quakerism not Christianity" (1833), and "Interviews, Memorable and Useful, from Memory reproduced" (1853).