Savinien Cyrano De Bergerac, a French author and duellist, born at Bergerac in 1620, died in Paris in 1655. He was compelled by serious wounds to retire from the military service, in which he had distinguished himself by his reckless courage, and took up his residence in Paris, where he became a notorious duellist. He was never at a loss for quarrels. When the sight of his long nose, which was covered with scars, provoked a smile, a duel was the result. He ordered the actor Monttieury not to play for a month, and he was compelled to obey him. Bergerac's pen was no less formidable a weapon than his sword. He had controversies with Loret, Scarron, Montfleury, and others. He studied philosophy under Gassendi, mastered the principles of Descartes, and gave some attention to the philosophers of antiquity. His best works are Le pedant joue, a comedy written when he was at college, and Agrippine, a tragedy. Corneille and Moliere found in his writings suggestions for some of their happiest efforts; and Swift is supposed by some critics to have been indebted to his Histoire comique des etats et empires de la lune and Histoire comique du soleil for incidents of his " Gulliver's Travels." The works of Bergerac were published at Paris in 1677 and 1741.