Vicente Guerrero, president of Mexico, born at Tixtla about 1770, executed at Cailapa, Feb. 14, 1831. He was a mulatto, and originally a slave. In the struggle for the independence of Mexico he exhibited great courage, and after the death of Mina became one of the leaders of the insurgents. In 1820 he entered the service of Iturbide, upon whose overthrow in 1823 he gave in his adherence to the provisional government and to the republic. In 1827 he was a candidate for the presidency, but was defeated by Pedraza by a majority of two votes in the electoral college. The partisans of Guerrero alleged that the election was carried by fraud, and rose in insurrection. Pedraza resigned in 1829, and Guerrero took possession of the presidency. On Sept. 15 of that year he issued a proclamation abolishing slavery. The next year, a Spanish force having invaded Mexico, dictatorial power was conferred upon Guerrero, and his troops under Santa Anna defeated the Spaniards; but thereupon Bustamente and Santa Anna, on pretence that he ought not to have prolonged his dictatorship after the defeat of the Spaniards, revolted against Guerrero, who was deserted by his troops and compelled to take refuge in his hacienda at Tixtla. He was popular, and the people rallied to his support.
He renewed the contest, but it was brought to a sudden close through the agency of a Genoese ship captain, who invited him to a dinner on board his vessel at Acapulco, and betrayed him to his enemies. He was tried by a military commission and shot.