Adolf Friedrkli Erdmann Menzel, a German painter, born in Breslau, Dec. s, 1815. He assisted his father as a lithographer, illustrated Kugler's popular history of Frederick the Great (1839-'42), and prepared designs for Frederick's writings (1846-'57). In 1«50 he exhibited his first oil painting, "Frederick the Great and his Friends." In 1865 he finished his "Coronation of King William I. at Konigsberg." Many of bis genre pictures appeared in 1870, and"also his "Departure of the King for the Seat of War in France".
Adolf Overweg, a German traveller, born in Hamburg, July 24,1822, died near Lake Tchad, central Africa, Sept. 27, 1852. He studied at the universities of Bonn and Berlin, and became an accomplished geologist. In the winter of 1849-'50 he joined Barth and Richardson in the English exploring expedition into central Africa, and made many important discoveries, among which was the fact that the desert of Sahara is an elevated plateau, and not, as had been supposed, a depressed plain.
For his share in the labors of the expedition, see Bartit, Heinkich. His reports, from time to time, appeared in the German geographical journals.
Adolph Friedrich Hesse, a German organist, born in Breslau, Aug. 30, 1809, died there, Aug. 5, 1863. His father was an organ builder, and the son acquired at the factory a knowledge of the instrument, and when but nine years of age excited astonishment by his precocity as an organist. In 1827 he was appointed assistant organist at the church of St. Elizabeth. In 1828 and 1829 he made a concert tour through Germany, forming the acquaintance of Spohr and Rink, from the latter of whom he received valuable counsels. In 1831 he became first organist of the church of St. Bernardin. In 1844 ho went to Paris for the inauguration of the great organ of St. Eus-tache. His reputation was that of one of the first organists of Europe. His compositions are about 80 in number, including six symphonies, an oratorio, five overtures, and many compositions for the organ, severe in style but of great merit.
Adolph Schreyer, a German painter, born in Frankfort in 1828. He completed his studies of the horse in Stuttgart, Munich, and Düs-seldorf, accompanied the Austrian army in 1854 to the Danubian principalities, travelled through Turkey, Hungary, and southern Russia, and in company with Prince Thurn and Taxis through Egypt, Syria, and Algeria; and he subsequently resided in Paris. His pictures of animals, especially of horses, and also those of human beings and of landscapes, are remarkable for vigor and brilliant coloring. Among the most celebrated are an "Artillery Attack at Traktir," "Horses frightened by Wolves," "The Dying Horse," "The Walla-chian Stud," "The Wallachian Extra-Post," and "The Csikós driving his Horses across the Plain." He has repeatedly received medals at the Paris exhibition.