Giovanni Maria Mazzuchelli

Giovanni Maria Mazzuchelli, count, an Italian jurist, antiquary, and biographer, born in Brescia, Oct. 28, 1707, died there, Nov. 19, 1765. He was educated at Bologna, and afterward became keeper of the Quirinian library in his native city, where he devoted himself to Italian antiquities and biographical literature. He wrote Notizie storiche e critiche intorno alia vita, alle invenzioni ed agli scritti di Archimede Siracusano (Brescia, 1737); Gli scrittori d'Italia, cioe notizie storiche e critiche intorno alle vite ed agli scritti dei ht-terati italiani (2 vols, fob, in 6 parts, 1753-'68, not complete); and many other works. He left avast collection of casts and medals, afterward engraved and published.

Giovanni Meli

Giovanni Meli, an Italian poet, born in Palermo in 1740, died there, Dec. 20, 1815. He was professor of chemistry at Palermo. His compositions have procured him the titles of "the Sicilian Anacreon" and "the modern Theocritus." A small pension was granted him, and a mausoleum was erected in his honor. He employed the Sicilian dialect, and his love songs especially are extremely popular in Sicily. A complete edition of his poetical works appeared at Palermo in 1814, in 7 vols., and an additional volume was published by Agostino Lallo in 1826. A new edition of his works, in 8 vols., appeared in 1830-'39.

Giovanni Pacini

Giovanni Pacini, an Italian composer, born in Catania, Feb. 11, 1796, died near Pescia, Dec. 6, 1867. He was sent to Rome to be educated as a chapelmaster, whence he is known in Italy as Pacini di Roma. He afterward studied under Mattei in Bologna. After composing several masses, at the age of 18 he produced a comic opera entitled Annetta e Lucinda, which proved successful. From that period till 1830 he was a prolific composer of pieces for the stage, which in style resemble the productions of Rossini. In 1830 his opera Giovanna d'Arco failed in Milan, and the composer ceased thenceforth to write for the stage. In 1836 he became director of the conservatory at Via-reggio. Among his best known operas are Sqffb, L'ultimo giorno di Pompei and Medea.

Giovanni Paolo Magini

Giovanni Paolo Magini, an Italian violin maker of the 16th and 17th centuries, born in Brescia. He worked in his native city from 1590 to 1640, contemporaneously with the Amatis, with whom he contributed to fix permanently the form of the violin. His instruments were for the most part of large pattern, the bellies of good quality and very strong, the sides low, the swell of the arch high and full toward the end, from which they have a largeness of tone and a deeper than ordinary sound in the G and D strings. The varnish which he used was exceedingly fine and pure, giving his instruments a deep and clear brown color. Their characteristic tone is grand, penetrating, and noble. In general proportions and in workmanship they resemble the violins of Gaspar di Salo, whose pupil Magini is by many supposed to have been.