Campagna Di Roma, the plain surrounding Rome. It nearly coincides with the ancient province of Latium, is bounded N. by the Tiber and Teverone, E. by a branch of the Apennines, S. and S. W. by the Mediterranean, and is about 65 m. long by 40 m. broad. It is volcanic, the lakes lying in craters, some of which, as that of Lake Regillus, have a regular conical form. The N. and N. E. part of the Campa-gna, lying on the slopes .of the Apennines, is pleasant and salubrious, but the lowlands are afflicted by a malaria which is disastrous to life and health. The Campagna includes the Pontine marshes, which were formed by several small streams, including the Ufens, Nymphaeus, and Amasenus, which, finding no outlet to the sea, spread over the land. (See Pontine Marshes.) Hot sulphur springs are found between Rome and Tivoli. In early days the Campagna contained many small cities. Of the inhabitants, the Albans were the most powerful. When the Romans conquered them, these cities were destroyed. They were afterward repeopled from the capital, but rebelling, were punished, and finally were left entirely desolate. In the time of Diodorus, 20 B. C, decay and desolation were noticeable in many parts of Italy. Strabo, some 30 years later, also spoke of this fact.

According to Pliny, the farms in the Campagna belonged to proprietors who resided in the city, and left them to the labor of slaves and the care of overseers, lie states that 0. Caacilius Claudius Isidorus died, leaving 4,116 slaves. The climate of this region around Rome has considerably changed since the palmy days of the city. In 480 B. 0. there was snow upon the ground for 40 days, but now it is rarely present for two successive days. During the winter and early spring the vegetation is rich and flourishing, but in summer the Campagna has a dry and barren appearance. The laborers upon the farms are peasants from the hills, strong, hardy men, but many of them are always more or less affected by the malaria. The principal modern towns are Tivoli, Velletri, Frascati, Terracina, Ostia, and Palestrina.

Campagna of Rome.

Campagna of Rome.