Terpander (Τέρπαυδρος), a Greek musician, born at Antissa in the island of Lesbos, flourished in the earlier half of the 7th century B. C. He removed to Sparta, where in 676 he was crowned victor in the first musical contest at the feast of Apollo Carneius, and where he established the first musical school or system in Greece. He enlarged the compass of the lyre from a tetrachord to an octave, but with the omission of the third string, counting from the highest down, making it really a heptachord; and he was the first who regularly set poetry to music.
Terpsichore, one of the nine Muses, daughter of Jupiter and Mnemosyne. She presided over choral song and dancing, and is generally represented as crowned with flowers and holding a lyre and plectrum.
See Tierra Del Fuego.
Terra Di Bari, a province of S. Italy, bounded N. E. by the Adriatic, and on the other sides by the provinces of Capitanata, Basili-cata, and Terra d'Otranto; area, 2,295 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 604,518. The southern part is crossed by a ridge from the Apennines, which affords little else but pasturage; but the lower lands are fertile, and wheat is produced in great quantities; the other crops are olives, tobacco, cotton, flax, and fruits. Wine and oil are largely manufactured, and along the coast there are extensive fisheries and salt works. Ship-building is carried on to some extent. Terra di Bari formed the portion of ancient Apulia known as Apulia Peucetia, and was traversed by the Appian Way. Capital, Bari.
Terra, Or Tellus, a goddess of the Roman mythology, in whose form the earth was personified and worshipped, and who is thus often named in contrast with Jupiter, the god of heaven. A festival in her honor was celebrated on the 15th of April, and private sacrifices were offered to her at seedtime and harvest, and also when any member of a family died. Terra corresponds to Gaea or Ge in Greek mythology. In the Hesiodic theogony Ga3a was the first born of Chaos. She gave birth to Uranus, whom she afterward married, and from this union sprang the Titans, the Cyclops, and the hundred-handed giants. Her worship was universal among the Greeks.
Terracina, a town of Italy, in the province of Rome, on a gulf of its own name in the Mediterranean, at the S. W. end of the Pontine marshes, 26 m. S. W. of Frosinone; pop. about 5,000. It has a cathedral occupying, according to some authorities, the site of the celebrated ancient temple of Jupiter Anxur, from which its beautiful fluted marble columns are said to have been taken. The most picturesque of the many ruins are those of the palace of Theo-doric, on the summit of the hill above the town. Near the shore is a palace built' by Pius VI., who made considerable but not successful efforts to drain the marshes and to restore the ancient port, which is still filled with sand, though a new pier affords protection to small craft. The bishopric of Terracina is said to date from A. D. 46. - Terracina was the Anxur of the Volscians and the Romans; the latter had fine villas and a naval station here, and also called the place Tarracina.