Carlo Matteucci, an Italian savant, born in Forli, June 21, 1811, died in Leghorn in June, 1868. He studied at Bologna and in Paris, returned to Forli in 1831, and there began his scientific experiments. He removed to Florence in 1834, and in 1837 became professor of phy-sics and director of the laboratory at Ravenna, and in 1840 professor of physics at Pisa. For his experiments in electro-physiology he took a prize at the French academy of sciences in 1844, and also the Copley medal of the royal society of London. He constructed the first line of telegraph in Tuscany, in 1846, and was made superintendent of the telegraph service. He became a senator in 1848, a member of the council in 1859, and after the establishment of the kingdom of Italy a member of the national senate and inspector general of telegraphs, and in March, 1862, minister of public instruction. His principal works are on the phenomena of electro-physiology (1840), physics, electricity applied to the arts, and the physico-chemical phenomena of living bodies.