Ceita (anc. Septa; Moorish, Sebta), a town and fortress on the X. coast of Fez, Morocco, belonging to Spain, and included in the province of Cadiz; pop. about 7,000. It is situated at the E. entrance of the strait of Gibraltar, where a small peninsula juts out in a X. X. E. direction exactly opposite Gibraltar, being joined to the mainland of Africa by a narrow but well fortified isthmus, on which the town is built. The N. E. of the town is almost entirely occupied by the Monte del Hacho (the anc. Alt/la), which is a spur of the range of mountains called Jebel Zatout (anc. Septem Fratres). On the highest part of the mountain stands the citadel of Ceuta, with a garrison of 5,000 men. The town is well built, gives title to a bishop who is suffragan of the archbishop of Seville, and is the seat of a military governor and of a royal court of justice, and the chief of the Spanish presidios or convict establishments on the African coast. The other presidios, comprising in all an area of 32 sq. m. and a convict population of about 11,000, are under the charge of the governor of Ceuta. The town is clean and paved in a mosaic pattern, has a cathedral, several convents, and a house of mercy founded in 1498. The harbor is unsafe, and there is little trade. - Ceuta was a town of Mauritania Tingitana under the Romans. In 1415 John I. of Portugal wrested it from the Moors, who in their invasions of Spain first set out from Ceuta. In 1580 it passed with Portugal to Philip II. of Spain by conquest, and was formally ceded by Portugal to Spain by the treaty of Lisbon of 1668. Afterward it was several times unsuccessfully besieged by troops from Morocco. At the beginning of this century it was held for a short time by the English.