Cerro Gordo, a mountain pass in Mexico, 40 m. N. W. of Vera Cruz, on the national highway to the city of Mexico, where a victory was gained by the Americans under Gen. Scott, over the Mexicans under Santa Anna, April 18,1847. The entire American force in action and reserved was 8,500; the Mexican was estimated at more than 12,000. The action lasted from sunrise till 2 P. M., and resulted in the capture of 5 Mexican generals, 3,000 men, 4.500 stand of arms, 43 pieces of artillery, 7 standards, trains of stores, and Santa Anna's private baggage and money chest. The Mexican loss in killed and wounded was computed at from 1,000 to 1,200; the American loss was 63 killed and 368 wounded. Gen. Scott paroled his prisoners, destroyed their stores, excepting one field train, and the next day advanced to Jalapa.
Cerro Gordo, a N. county of Iowa, intersected by Shell Rock river and Lime creek, and drained by Beaverdam creek; area, 652 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,722. Clear lake is in the county. Peat is found and building stone is quarried. The McGregor and Missouri River railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 138,592 bushels of wheat, 97,930 of Indian corn, 136,550 of oats, and 8,119 tons of hay. There were 1,515 horses, 1,435 milch cows, 1,977 other cattle, 1,914 sheep, and 1,542 swine. Capital, Mason City.