Cesare Balbo, count, an Italian statesman and author, born in Turin, Nov. 21, 1789, died there, June 3, 1853. Through the favor of Napoleon, he was appointed auditor to the French privy council in 1807, afterward secretary to the French commissioners in Tuscany and the Papal States, and in 1812 commissioner of Il-lyria. After the downfall of Napoleon he was secretary of legation in London until the outbreak of the Sardinian revolution in 1821, when he returned to Turin. He translated Leo's work on the municipal institutions of Lombar-dy from German into Italian, under the title of Communi Italiani. His reputation was firmly established by his Speranze d'Italia (1843), in favor of national independence. His Delia storia d'Italia, dall' origine fino al 1814 (5th edition, Bastia, 1849) was distinguished by the same patriotic spirit and by historical merit. In 1848 he formed the first constitutional cabinet of Charles Albert, which, however, lasted but a few months, and after the Sardinian reverses in the field he exerted great influence as a leader of the moderate party and supporter of D'Azeglio. His biography was published by Ricotti (Florence, 1856), and a monument by Vela has been erected in his honor in Turin.