Charles III Of Durazzo., king of Naples and Hungary, born in 1345, assassinated in Buda, Feb. 8,1387. He was the son of Louis de Duras, or Durazzo, count of Gravina, who had rebelled against Queen Joanna I. of Naples, and died in prison. The queen had adopted Charles as her son, but in 1380 set him aside in favor of Louis duke of Anjou, father of Charles V. of France. Charles of Durazzo then entered into an alliance with Louis the Great, king of Hungary, the bitter enemy of Joanna. At the instigation of Pope Urban VI. and of the king of Hungary, Charles levied an army and set out to invade Naples. Passing through Rome, he was crowned by the pope, entered Naples in July, 1381, defeated the troops of the queen, and made a prisoner her fourth husband, Otho of Brunswick. The queen also fell into his hands, and he urged her to confirm her former adoption of him; upon her refusal he shut her up in the castle of Muro, where she was put to death by his order, May 22, 1382. The arrival of the duke of Anjou brought on a desultory war which lasted two years, until the duke died, Oct. 11, 1384. Urban VI. was then at Nocera, in the kingdom of Naples, intriguing for the crown for his nephew.

Charles, who was ill, invited Urban to come to Naples, but received for reply that it was customary for kings to come to popes, not for popes to go to kings. Margaret, the wife of Charles, in order to get rid of the pope, prohibited the bringing of wine to Nocera, whereupon Urban excommunicated Charles and his queen, and laid the kingdom under interdict, and ineffective hostilities took place. In 1385 the Hungarian magnates, discontented with the rule of Elizabeth, widow of Louis the Great, invited Charles to assume the government. He repaired to Hungary, and was crowned Dec. 31, 1386; but on the 5th of the following February he was stabbed by order of Elizabeth, and in her presence; he survived three days. As he was under excommunication, his corpse remained without sepulture till 1391.