Charles Ignace Peyronnet, count de, a French statesman, born in Bordeaux in October, 1778, died at Monferrand, Gironde, Jan. 2, 1854. His father, an attorney of the parliament of Guienne, had been ennobled, and was guillotined during the revolution. In 1796 Charles was admitted to the bar in his native city. He was best known by his licentious life and many duels. In 1814 he figured among the royalist partisans who called in the English and proclaimed the Bourbons. After holding several judicial offices and serving as a deputy, he became in 1821 minister of justice in the Villele cabinet. In 1822 he proposed the law for the restriction of the freedom of the press; in 1823 defended the armed intervention in Spain; in 1824 procured the reestablishment of the censorship; in 1825 caused the adoption of the law against sacrilege; in 1826 attempted to have the right of primogeniture restored; and in 1827 tried to restrict the press still more, dissolved the national guard, and altered the jury law. The elections of 1828 obliged Charles X. to dismiss the Villele cabinet; but in 1830 Peyronnet became minister of the interior under Polignac. He signed the ordinances of July 25, which brought about the revolution.

After the outbreak he was arrested at Tours, was taken to Vincennes, arraigned with his colleagues before the court of peers, sentenced to perpetual imprisonment, and incarcerated at Ham, where he wrote an Histoire des Francs (2 vols. 8vo, 1835). Released after six years, he retired to private life.