Charlottenbirg, a town of Prussia, in the province of Brandenburg, on the left bank of the Spree, connected with Berlin by a fine promenade 4 m. long, which is lighted at night; pop. in 1871, 19,518. The place takes its name from Sophia Charlotte, the queen of Frederick I., who shortly before her death in 1705 caused a palace to be built there. The park, which is always open to the public, contains Ranch's recumbent statue of the queen, one of the finest works of modern art. Fred-crick the Great added a new chateau, and endowed it with a valuable gallery of art, which, especially the part which contained the paintings, was injured during the occupation of the place by the Austrians and Russians in 1760. There arc fine gardens connected with the palace. The town is a favorite resort and summer residence of the Berlinese.
Royal Palace, Charlottenburg-.