Charlottetown, the capital of Prince Edward Island, in Queen's co., on the N. side of East river and on the strait of Cumberland, 42 m. N. W. of Pictou, Nova Scotia; pop. in 1871, 8,807. The site, looking toward the south, rises gently from the water. The harbor is good. The colonial building is of Nova Scotia freestone. Among the other principal buildings are the post office, court house, market, athenaeum, public hall, and normal school; the Prince of Wales, St, Dunstan, and Methodist colleges; a convent, lunatic asylum, government house, exchange, and jail. The i town is lighted with gas. Here is an office of the New York, Newfoundland, and London telegraph company. Tri-weekly steamers ply during the season of navigation to Shediac and Pictou, and weekly to Georgetown, Port Sel-kirk, Crapaud, Mount Stewart, Port Hope, and Hawkesbury; a ferry steamer crosses the East river to Southport every hour. Communication with New Brunswick is made in winter by a small boat from Cape Traverse to Cape Tormentine, 9 m. distant.

Large exports of all kinds of grain except wheat are made, to which are added potatoes, fish, and pork.