Cheriang, an E. province of China, bordering on the Pacific, and including the Chusan archipelago, between lat. 27° and 31° N., and lon. 118° and 123° E., traversed by the great canal, the Tsientang and other rivers; area, about 40,000 sq. m. According to Chinese authorities, the population in 1864 was 26,756,784. Baron Richthofen (Shanghai, 1871) concedes an aggregate population of barely 6,000,000, of whom 2,000,000 live in the five chief cities. But his estimate does not seem to be corroborated. Chekiang is among the most fertile and prosperous regions of China; and a large business is transacted in the principal ports, Ningpo and Hangchow, which are open to foreign commerce. The staple export is silk. The green tea country is situated near the Tsientang river, W. of Ningpo, and tea is extensively exported, as well as cotton, indigo, camphor, coal, and fruit. Gold and silver stuffs, paper, and fermented liquors are manufactured and largely exported. Hangchow is the capital, but the governor general of the two provinces of Fo-kien and Chekiang had his official residence in 1871 at Foochow, the capital of Fokien.