Cherokee, the name of six counties in the United States. I. The S. W. county of North Carolina, bounded N. E. by Graham county; area, 050 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,080, of whom 301 were colored. It is intersected by Ilia-wassee river and its branches, and borders on Tennessee and Georgia. The surface is mountainous, Unaka or Smoky mountain in the N. W., and the Blue Ridge, near the S. E. border, being the principal ranges. The soil near the streams is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 3,628 bushels of wheat, 8,830 of rye, 162,529 of Indian corn, 18,098 of oats, 10,702 of Irish and 8,588 of sweet potatoes, 560 tons of hay, 19.392 lbs. of tobacco, and 70 bales of cotton. There were 841 horses, 2,042 milch cows, 3,435 other cattle, G,G93 sheep, and 8,735 swine. Capital, Murphy. II. A N. W. county of Georgia; area, 620 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,399, of whom 1,281 were colored. The soil is fertile, and the surface diversified by hills and fine rolling lands. In the N. E. part are quarries of excellent statuary marble; gold mines have been opened, and iron, copper, and titanium are also found. The Etowah, the principal river, is navigated by steamboats, and supplies good water power.
The chief productions in 1870 were 59.064 bushels of wheat, 168,529 of Indian corn; 22,786 of oats, 11,911 of sweet potatoes, 53,797 lbs. of butter, 18,497 of tobacco, and 347 bales of cotton. There were 725 horses, 1,466 milch cows, 2,058 other cattle, 4,715 sheep, and 9,423 swine. Capital, Canton. III. A N. E. county of Alabama, bordering on Georgia; pop. in 1870, 11,132, of whom 1,480 were colored. The former area was 710 sq. m., but a portion has been taken to form Etowah county. The Coosa river, which bisects it, and the Chattooga, one of its affluents, are the principal streams. There are several mountain ranges, and extensive forests of pine oak, etc. The Selma, Rome, and Dal-ton'railroad passes through the S. E. corner. The chief jn'oductions in 1870 were 68,530 bushels of wheat, 231,946 of Indian corn, 27,-683 of oats, 24,675 of sweet potatoes, 1,807 bales of cotton, and 7,470 lbs. of tobacco. There were 1,406 horses, 772 mules and asses, 2,202 milch cows, 3,908 other cattle, 5,835 sheep, and 11,750 swine. There were 9 Hour mills, 3 saw mills, and 1 manufactory of pig iron. Capital, Centre. IV. An E. county of Texas, bounded E. by the Angelina river, and W. by the Nechcs; area, 1,144 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,079, of whom 3,283 were colored.
It is well watered, and consists of prairies alternating with woodland, pine and oak being abundant. It is one of the best farming counties in the state. Iron ore is abundant. The chief productions in 1870 were 292,181 bushels of Indian corn, 30,230 of sweet potatoes, and 5,185 bales of cotton. There were 2,448 horses, 4,182 milch cows, 9,143 other cattle, 1,902 sheep, and 22,251 swine. There were an iron foundery, and manufactories of iron castings and machinery. Capital, Rusk. V. A N. W. county of Iowa, drained by Maple river, the Little Sioux, and the W. fork of the latter; area, about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,967. The Dubuque and Sioux City railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 10,797 bushels of wheat, 21,896 of Indian com, 0,584 of oats, 0,178 of potatoes, and 4,277 tons of hay. There were 530 horses, 559 milch cows, 998 other cattle, and 353 swine. Capital, Cherokee. VI. The S. E. ounty of Kansas, bounded E. by Missouri and S. by the Indian territory; area, 604 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,038. The Neosho river skirts the S. W. boundary, and it is watered by Spring river, Lightning creek, and other affluents of the Neosho. The Missouri River, Fort Scott, and Gulf railroad passes through it.
The chief productions in 1870 were 54,792 bushels of wheat, 291,910 of Indian corn, 68,059 of oats, 25,003 of potatoes, and 18,883 tons of hay. There were 3,501 horses, 3,002 milch cows, 8,078 other cattle, 2,004 sheep, and 5,791 swine. Capital, Columbus.