Coro. I. A State Of The Republic Of Venezuela, extending along the Caribbean sea from lon. 68° 30' to 71° 40' W., and bounded S. W. by Maracaibo and S. by Barquisimeto and Carabobo; area, 11,197 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 72,321. On its N. coast the peninsula of Pa-raguana is connected with the mainland by a long narrow isthmus, forming on the W. the bay of Coro. It is drained by many small rivers emptying into the Caribbean sea, the principal of which is the Tocuyo, navigable 120 m. from its mouth. The soil is dry and sandy and generally fertile, but is little cultivated. A large part of the state is covered with forests. The chief products are coffee, cacao, maize, and plantains. Mules, sheep, and cattle are raised to some extent, the plains furnishing abundant pasturage. The population consists mostly of Indians, negroes, and mixed races. II. Santa Ana de, the capital of the state, situated at the head of the bay of Coro, in lat. 11° 24' N., lon. 69° 46' W., 190 m. W. N. W. of Caracas; pop. about 6,000. The streets are regular, but the town is poorly built and has no public edifices worthy of mention. The surrounding country is sandy and sterile, and the climate is hot and dry. The harbor is not very safe, but is much frequented, there being a considerable trade with the West India islands.
Mules, goats, hides, sheepskins, and cheese were once exported in large quantities, but the business has fallen into decay. Coro was founded in 1527, and was the seat of the Spanish government of the province till 1636, when it was superseded by Caracas.