Cortland, a central county of New York, touching Skaneateles lake on the northwest; area, 480 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 25,173. It has an uneven surface and a good soil. It is well supplied with water, and contains salt and sulphur springs. Iron ore is found in some localities. The Syracuse, Binghamton, and New York railroad traverses it, and the Southern Central railroad passes through the S. W. corner. The chief productions in 1870 were, 25,438 bushels of wheat, 151,810 of Indian corn, 389,667 of oats, 244,527 of potatoes, 114,197 tons of hay, 826,273 lbs. of cheese, 3,431,135 of butter, 59,169 of wool, 303,773 of maple sugar, and 70,259 of hops. There were 6,808 horses, 32,905 milch cows, 10,472 other cattle, 12,503 sheep, and 6,220 swine; 14 grist mills, 15 saw mills, 9 tanneries, 25 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 19 of cheese, 2 of agricultural implements, 6 of boots and shoes, 9 of furniture, 4 of iron castings, 1 of linseed oil, 16 of saddlery and harness, 1 of vinegar, 1 woollen mill, 1 planing mill, and 3 leather-currying establishments.

Capital, Cortland Village.