Creuse, a central department of France, bordering on the departments of Indre, Cher, Allier, Puy-de-D6me, Correze, and Haute-Vienne; area, 2,151 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 274,663. It was formed from parts of the old provinces of Berry and Limousin, with the whole of Haute-Marche, and is traversed by the river Creuse, a tributary of the Vienne, from which it derives its name, and by other streams, none of which are here navigable. It is very mountainous, and contains granite, coal, gypsum, and potters' clay. The soil is poor, except in the N. E. part; agriculture is backward; the climate is damp and changeable; and the domestic animals are of an inferior breed. The crops of grain are insufficient for domestic consumption. Fruit, rape seed, and hemp, however, are raised abundantly, and quantities of honey are collected. The chief manufactures are carpets, tapestry, coarse woollen goods, cotton, leather, paper, glass, and porcelain. The department is divided into the arrondissements of Gueret, Bourganeuf, Bous-sac, and Aubusson. Capital, Gueret.