Dagobert I, king of the Franks, born about 600, died at Epinay, Jan. 19, 638. He was the son of Clotaire II., and by the help of the great feudal lords became king of Austrasia in 622, during the life of his father. Upon his father's death in 628 he inherited Neustria and Burgundy, and three years later he reannexed Aquitania, which had been inherited by his brother Charibert. He then reigned over the whole Frankish dominion, and successfully opposed the encroachments of the Frankish lords, repelled an invasion of the Vascones, and forced the Bretons to acknowledge his supremacy. His court almost equalled in magnificence that of Constantinople. He founded several monasteries, which he richly endowed, including the abbey of St. Denis. The goldsmith Eligius, or Eloi, afterward canonized, was one of his ministers, and greatly contributed to the splendor of his reign. One of the king's most meritorious acts was the revision and publication of the old national statutes, known as the Salic and the Ripuarian laws.
His fame is marred by his perfidy toward some Bulgarians whom he gave an asylum within his territory, and afterward caused to be slaughtered; and above all by his debauchery. "This Solomon of the Franks," an old chronicler says, "entertained no less than three wives bearing the name of queens, and so many concubines that it would be too long to enumerate the same." He was buried at St. Denis. - Dagobert II., the last Merovingian king of Austrasia, son of Sigebert II. and grandson of the preceding, born in 652, was secretly sent to Ireland in 659 by Grimoald, mayor of the palace, afterward lived in England, was restored by his subjects in 674, and was assassinated by Martin and Pepin of He-ristal in 679.