Dionysius The Areopagite, an Athenian, who was one of the council of the Areopagus when St. Paul preached to the Athenians. He is said to have studied first at Athens, and afterward at Heliopolis in Egypt. There is a legend that when he observed in Egypt the darkening of the sun during the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, he exclaimed, "Either God himself is suffering, or he is sympathizing with some one who is suffering." He was converted by the preaching of Paul, about A. D. 50, is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles (xvii. 34), and was probably the first bishop of Athens, having been appointed to that office, it is said, by St. Paul himself. It is also believed that he suffered martyrdom, but in what year is not known. It is not certain that he ever wrote anything, but his name has been given to four theological treatises, imbued with the mystical doctrines of the Alexandrian Platonism. These works, which are first mentioned in the 6th century, contain allusions to facts and quotations from authors subsequent to the apostolic age, and were probably written by some Neo-Platonic Christian of the 4th or 5th century.