Duveyrier. I. Honore Nicolas Marie, baron, a French jurist and politician, born at Pignans, Provence, Dec. 6, 1753, died in May, 1839. He received a military education, but devoted himself to the law, and became a distinguished barrister. Louis XVI. sent him three days previous to his flight to Varennes on a mission to the prince de Conde, but he was detained for some time as a prisoner by the Austrians. Though elected on his return a member of the commune of Paris, he was put in prison at the instigation of Robespierre. After his release he was employed abroad as a commissioner for the supply of the French armies. In 1796 he resumed his practice in Paris, and was afterward general administrator of finance in Rome, acquiring a large fortune. He eventually became president of the court of appeal at Montpellier. His heroi-tragical comedy La cour pleniere made a great sensation at the time of its publication (1775), and its authorship was long ascribed to Beaumarchais. His other principal work, in which his son Charles participated, is L'His-toire des premiers electeurs de Paris en 1789. II. Anne Honore Joseph, known as a dramatic author under the pseudonyme Melesville, son of the preceding, born in Paris, Nov. 13, 1788, died there in 1865. He was originally a lawyer and magistrate, but after the restoration devoted himself to the drama.
He wrote more than 300 plays, chiefly in conjunction with Scribe, and Le chevalier de St. Georges with Roger de Beauvoir. Among the best known comic operas of which he wrote the text is Zampa. III. Charles, brother of the preceding, born in Paris, April 12, 1803, died there, Nov. 10, 1866. He was an active St. Simonian, and organized branches of that sect in England and Belgium, wrote for Michel Chevalier's Globe, and was sentenced to one year's imprisonment for having published in that journal an article entitled De la femme. Subsequently he wrote plays with his brother and other authors. In 1855 he composed with Scribe the text of Verdi's " Sicilian Vespers." IV. Henri, son of the preceding, an explorer of Africa, born in Paris, Feb. 28, 1840. He completed his education in Germany, became acquainted with the traveller Barth, qualified himself for explorations by special studies in Paris, was in Africa in 1857 and 1859, and published Exploration du Sahara (2 vols., Paris, 1864 et seq.), besides contributions to periodicals and to the French and German geographical societies.
He served in the French army in 1871, and was for some time a prisoner of war in the German fortress of Neisse.