Engadine, Or Engadin, Or Valley Of The Inn, a beautiful valley of S. E. Switzerland, near the sources of the Inn, at an altitude varying from 3,500 to 6,100 ft. above the sea, and extending along the banks of the Inn, through the canton of the Grisons, between two principal chains of the Rhaetian Alps, from the Maloja, which separates it from the picturesque valley of Brigell, to the gorge of Finstermunz, on the confines of the Tyrol; length, nearly 60 m.; average breadth between 1 and 2 m.; pop. about 12,000, all Protestants, with the exception of the valley of the Tarasp,' which is Catholic. The valley is divided into Upper Engadine, with the watering place of St. Moritz, and the villages of Silva Plana, Sama-den, Bevers, etc, and Lower Engadine, with Zernetz, Tarasp, the mineral springs of Schuols, etc. It has more populous villages than any other Alpine valley at so great an elevation, and it has at least 20 important tributary valleys. The tops of the surrounding mountains are inaccessible rocks, and the sides are sometimes covered with glaciers. The valley and the lower part of the mountains are susceptible of cultivation, but are for the most part occupied by forests or used for pasture lands.
The climate is so cold and severe that cattle have to be kept indoors during seven or eight months of the year, but during the short summer the valley is visited by large numbers of tourists. The only grain raised is rye, and barley and potatoes seldom mature. The valley was for some time subject to Austria, which lost it in 1623. Most of the male population emigrate at an early age, in order to become rich, and then return to their native valley. Some of the higher Alpine pastures are let every summer to Italian shepherds. The natives speak the dialect called Romansh.