Evagoras, king of Salamis in Cyprus, died about 374 B. C. His family claimed descent from Teucer, the reputed founder of Salamis, and had long held the sovereignty of that city, till expelled by a Phoenician exile. Eva-goras recovered the kingdom in 410, and endeavored to restore in it the Hellenic customs and civilization, which had almost disappeared under the long domination of barbarians. He gave a friendly reception to the Athenian general Conon, after the defeat at AEgospotamos; it was by his intercession that the king of Persia permitted the Phoenician fleet to aid Conon; and he himself commanded the Cypriote squadron which joined Conon and Pharnabazus at the battle of Cnidus (394). For these services a statue was erected to him at Athens in the Ceramicus, by the side of that of Conon. His increasing power attracted the jealousy of the Persian king Artaxerxes II., who declared war against him. Evagoras immediately extended his power over almost the whole of Cyprus, ravaged the coasts of Phoenicia, excited the Cilicians to revolt, and even captured the city of Tyre; but a Persian army, landing in Cyprus, recaptured the island and besieged Evagoras in his capital.

He was saved only by the dissensions of his enemies, and concluded in 385 a peace by which the sovereignty of Salamis was secured to him. He survived this treaty ten years, and died by assassination.