Francesco Saverio Carretto, marquis of, a Neapolitan minister of police, born in Salerno about 1788, died in Naples in December, 1862. He fought his way to distinction in the army, and, although a member of the carbonari, was in 1823 appointed general inspector of police. In 1828 he marched at the head of 6,000 men to quell an insurrection at the little town of Bosco. After destroying the town he caused a pillory to be erected upon its ruins, and had 20 persons executed, including an old man of 80 years. This drew upon him the wrath of the Neapolitans. King Ferdinand II., however, appointed him minister of police in 1831. For some time he exercised almost absolute power in Naples. In 1837, when the cholera raged in Sicily, and the people were persuaded that it had been intentionally brought into the country by the government, Carretto was despatched to Catania, where the insurgents had organized a provisional government; and although this on his arrival had already been abandoned, he again exercised his authority by ordering the execution of more than 100 persons, even applying the torture to the prisoners. The king was finally compelled to yield to the clamors of the people, and dismiss him.
During the night of Jan. 27, 1848, he was arrested and put on board a French steamer, as an exile to France. When the name of the passenger became known at Leghorn, the supply of coals was withheld from the steamer. In Genoa he was not permitted to go on shore. He afterward returned to Naples, but was not restored to office, though he was loaded with favors by the king.