Franz Von Sickingen, a German soldier, born in the castle of Sickingen, Baden, March 1, 1481, died May 7, 1523. He was rich and distinguished for valor and generosity. He encouraged the reformation, protected Reuchlin and Ulrich von Hutten, and offered an asylum to Luther. In 1513 he declared war against the city of Worms, and subsequently fought against the duke of Lorraine, levied large amounts of money upon Metz and other cities, and laid siege to Mentz, when the quarrel was adjusted by the emperor. In 1521 he invaded Picardy with the count of Nassau, but was forced by a stratagem of the chevalier Bayard, and by sickness in his army, to abandon the expedition. In 1522 a private dispute brought him into war with the archbishop of Treves, and he raised an army of 12,000 men and desolated his territories. In 1523 he was besieged in his castle Landstuhl near Kaiserslautern, and surrendered after receiving a mortal wound. He was one of the last nobles who maintained in Germany the right of private warfare. His descendants became counts of the empire; only one branch of them now survives. - See Ritter Franz von Sickingen und seine Nach-Tcommen, by Schneegans (Creuznach, 1867).