Crema, a town of Lombardy, Italy, in the province and 22 m. N. W. of the city of Cremona, on the Serio, and on the railway from Cremona to Bergamo; pop. about 8,000. It is well built and fortified, and has several handsome churches and palaces, as well as manufactories of lace, hats, thread, and silk. It is the seat of a bishop, and has a gymnasium and a theatre. Crema was founded in the 6th century by some fugitives whom the oppressions of Alboin, the first Lombard king of Italy, had driven from their homes. During the wars of the Guelphs and Ghibellines it was destroyed by Frederick I. after a most obstinate resistance, but was afterward rebuilt. In 1797 it was captured by the French.


See Kremnitz.


Crenshaw, a S. E. county of Alabama, drained by Patsaliga and Conecuh rivers; area, about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,156, of whom 2,206 were colored. It has been recently formed from portions of Butler, Coffee, Covington, Lowndes, and Pike counties. The surface is generally hilly, and the soil sandy and poor. Pine forests cover a considerable portion of it. The chief productions in 1870 were 263,615 bushels of Indian corn, 45,320 of sweet potatoes, 4,638 bales of cotton, and 10,-855 lbs. of rice. There were 1,173 horses, 697 mules and asses, 2,843 milch cows, 4,552 other cattle, 2,610 sheep, and 14,263 swine. Capital, Rutledge.

Creon. I. A Mythical King Of Corinth

Creon. I. A Mythical King Of Corinth, the father of the beautiful Cretisa, for whom the hero Jason deserted the enchantress Medea. When Creusa was consumed by the burning robe sent to her by the sorcerer, Creon, who endeavored to embrace his daughter as the flames surrounded her, was also caught in the fire, and perished. II. A legendary king of Thebes, brother of Jocasta, whom he gave in marriage to OEdipus as a reward for his victory over the Sphinx, at the same time resigning his crown to the successful hero. OEdipus, ignorant of the fact that he was Jocasta's son, thus made that incestuous marriage the consequences of which form the theme of some of the greatest tragedies of the ancients. After the death of OEdipus Creon resumed the throne, and it was he who imprisoned Antigone for disobeying the edict which forbade the burial of Polynices.


Cress, the name of several species of plants, with acrid or pungent leaves, most of which belong to the natural order cruciferce. The water cresses (nasturtium and sisymbrium) are the most common varieties. They grow abundantly on the banks of rivulets and small ponds, may be eaten as a salad, and are valued as antiscorbutic medicines.

Water Cress (Nasturtium).

Water Cress (Nasturtium).


See Crecy.


See Candia.


Creuznach, a town and watering place of Rhenish Prussia, in the district of Coblentz, picturesquely situated on the Nahe, 8 m. S. of Bingen; pop. in 1872, 12,874. There are extensive salt works in the neighborhood, and mineral springs which, containing iodine and bromine in larger proportions than any other known, are very efficacious in scrofulous diseases. In the vicinity are the ruins of the castle of Ebernburg, destroyed by the French toward the end of the 17th century, in former times a place of refuge for Ulrich von Hutten, Melanchthon, and other friends of Franz von Sickingen, to whom it then belonged.