Gavriil Romanovitch Derzhavin, a Russian lyrical poet, born in Kazan in July, 1743, died in July, 1816. He was admitted to the gymnasium of Kazan in 1758, and attracted the attention of the principal, who took him to St. Petersburg. He entered the cavalry, where he distinguished himself, and subsequently the civil service, and was successively governor of Olonetz and Tambov. In 1791 Catharine II. appointed him secretary of state, and a few years later president of the college of commerce. On Paul's accession to the throne he was placed at the head of the council of state. In 1800 he was imperial treasurer, and in 1802 minister of justice. His principal poems are the odes on the birth of the emperor Alexander, against irreligion, on the new year 1781, to God, and on God's majesty. Many of them abound with beautiful moral sentiments and expressions, especially his ode to God, which was not only translated into several European languages, but also into Chinese and Japanese. It is said to have been hung up in the palace of the emperor of China, printed in gold letters on white satin; and, according to Golovnin's account, it was placed in the same manner in the temple of Yedo. His complete works are in 5 vols. 8vo (St. Petersburg, 1810-'15).