Hauts Hampshire, Or Southampton, a maritime county of England, including the isle of Wight, bordering on Berkshire, Surrey, Sussex, the English channel, Dorsetshire, and Wiltshire; area, 1,667 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 543,387. It is one of the most agreeable counties in England, the surface being a beautiful alternation of hill and dale, and the climate remarkably mild and healthful. The soil is of various quality. The N. districts are hilly and poor; the S. W. portion is chiefly occupied by the New forest and extensive heaths; but in the central sections the land is fertile and produces heavy crops of hay and corn. The principal vegetable productions are wheat, barley, oats, beans, turnips, and peas. Sheep are raised on the light lands; and the breeding and fattening of pigs is an important part of the husbandry, Hampshire being celebrated for its bacon. Ringwood is noted for its strong beer, and the paper mills of Romsey and Overton have supplied the bank of England with note paper since the reign of George I. The principal rivers are the Itchen, Avon, and Anton. There are two canals, the Basingstoke and the Andover. The most important towns are Portsmouth, Southampton, and Winchester. Aldershott, on the borders of Surrey, has become a place of some note from the formation of a military station there.