Hermes Trismegistus , a mythical person, the reputed author of a great variety of works that were probably written by Egyptian Neo-Platonists. The Egyptian god Thoth (the intellect) was identified by the Greeks with Hermes (Mercury) as early as the time of Plato. In the conflict between Neo-Platonism and Christianity, the former sought to give a profounder and more spiritual meaning to the pagan philosophy, by combining the wisdom of the Egyptians and the Greeks, and representing it as a very ancient divine revelation. They therefore ascribed the authorship of the highest attainments of the human mind to Thoth or the Egyptian Hermes, regarded him as the source of all knowledge and inventions, the embodied Logos, thrice greatest from whose thoughts Pythagoras and Plato had derived their ideas, and whoso works contained the sum total of human and divine wisdom. Clement of Alexandria mentions the contents of 42 books of Hermes which were extant in his time. Of those which now remain, some seem to have proceeded from the school of Philo, and others are much later and not unaffected by Christianity; some are written in a sober philosophical spirit, and others abound in fantastic astrological and thaumaturgical speculations. The most important is the P02-mander, a dialogue on nature, the creation, the Deity, the soul, knowledge, and similar topics, and interesting as showing the extent to which the combination of Platonic, Christian, oriental, and Jewish notions was carried. It was published in Greek and Latin by Bargicus (Paris, 1554), and by Rosselt (Cologne, 1030). See Baumgarten-Crusius, Be Librorum Her-meticorum Origine atque Indole (Jena, 1827).