Clement Of Alexandria (Titus Flavius Clemens, surnamed Alexaxdeixus), one of the fathers of the church, born probably at Athens about the middle of the 2d century, died in Alexandria about 215. Early devoted to the study of philosophy, he travelled through Greece and visited Italy and Egypt. He was a proficient in the Stoic and Platonic philosophies, and had also listened to Christian teachers, when through the influence of Panteenus, master of the Christian school at Alexandria, he embraced Christianity, and became the assistant, according to others the successor, of his master in the school. The persecution under Severus in 202 obliged both to seek refuge in Palestine. He visited Jerusalem and Antioch, and according to some returned to Alexandria, but appears to have been in Jerusalem in 210 or 211, for Eusebius mentions him at that date as the bearer of a letter from the bishop of Jerusalem to the church at Antioch. Little is known of the later years of his life. He had many illustrious pupils, among whom was Origen. He is distinguished among the fathers, of the church by his large acquaintance with and sincere admiration of the ancient Greek philosophy.
Unlike Tertullian and Athenagoras, he esteemed philosophy a divine work, and philosophers the prophets of paganism, whose lessons were to prepare the way for Christ among the gentiles, as the Mosaic dispensation had prepared it among the Hebrews. Adopting no one of the philosophical schools, and forming no connected scheme of Christian theology, his efforts to reconcile philosophy and religion tended to allegorical interpretations of the Scriptures, and to speculations in which the metaphysician is more apparent than the Christian. Yet by his comparison of Christian with Hellenic ideas he exerted an important influence upon his age and upon the development of Christian philosophy. His three principal extant works are a hortatory address to the Greeks
), on the vanity of heathenism and the superiority of the gospel; a treatise ( ) on the moral law of Christianity, rather with reference to the details of life than to general principles; and a discursivo collection ( or , containing religious thoughts, philosophical maxims, and various information on topics of antiquity. The best complete edition of his works is by Bishop Potter, in Greek and Latin (2 vols., Oxford, 1715). The principal works concerning his life and doctrine are a special treatise of Neander (Heidelberg, 1811); Guericke, Be Schola quae Alexandriae, floruit (Halle, 1824-'5); Eylert, Clemens von Alexandrien als Phi-losoph und Dichter (Leipsic, 1832); Kaye, "Account of the Writings and Opinions of Clement of Alexandria " (London, 1835); Boh-ringer, Die Kirehe Christi und ihre Zeugen (2d ed., Zurich, 1861); and Freppel, Clement d'Alcxandrie (Paris, 1866).