Horatio Greenough, an American sculptor, born in Boston, Sept. 6, 1805, died at Somer-ville, near Boston, Dec. 18, 1852. A French sculptor named Binon, resident in Boston, was his first master; and he enjoyed the friendship and advice of Washington Allston. Before completing his college course he went to Rome, where he arrived in the autumn of 1825. He returned to Boston in 1826, and after modelling busts of John Quincy Adams, Chief Justice Marshall, and others, returned to Italy and settled in Florence. His first commission was from James Fenimore Cooper, for whom he executed his "Chanting Cherubs." In 1831 he went to Paris to model the bust of Lafayette, and after his return to Florence received liberal commissions from his countrymen, principally for busts. To Cooper he was indebted for the commission from congress to execute his colossal statue of Washington, which was finished in 1843, after many years' labor. During this time he executed, among other original works, the "Medora" for Mr. Gilmore of Baltimore, the "Angel Abdiel," and the "Venus Victrix " in the gallery of the Boston Athe-naeum. A second commission from congress employed him for some years subsequent to this, and in 1851 he returned to the United States to superintend the placing in Washington of his group of the "Rescue." Many vexatious delays prevented the arrival of the work from Italy, and Greenough was attacked by brain fever soon after he had commenced a course of lectures on art in Boston, and died after a short but severe illness.
At his death he had sketches of work for 20 years. A " Memorial of Horatio Greenough," published in 1853, contains a collection of his papers on art and other subjects, preceded by a life of the artist by II. T. Tuckerman.