I. A Rajpoot native state of India, between lat. 25° 40' and 27° 37' N, and Ion. 75° 8' and 77° 20' E.; area, 15,000 sq. m.; pop. about 1,500,000. The surface is level excepting N. and N. W., and imperfectly watered. The principal products are cattle and salt, and to some extent wheat, cotton, and tobacco. The state abounds in small forts, and possesses some of the strongest fortresses in India. The Minas are regarded as the aborigines, and the Jats are the most extensive and skilful agriculturists. The government is invested in a hereditary rajah, who pays an annual tribute of £40,000 to Great Britain. The army consists of about 30,000 men. II. A city, capital of the state, 140 m. 3. W. of Delhi; pop. about 60,000. It is the most attractive city of upper Hindostan. The main thoroughfares intersect each other at right angles, each intersection forming a market square or chank, and they are crossed by smaller streets, the whole forming rectangular blocks. The centre is occupied by the royal residence, seven and eight stories high, with towers and domes, including a dozen palaces communicating either by galleries or gardens. In the palace proper is an audience hall of white marble.
Many of the private houses, three and four stories high, are embellished with frescoes, marble porticoes, statuary, and projecting stone balconies. Among the mosques and temples are exquisite specimens of the purest Hindoo architecture. Other notable public buildings are the extensive observatory and the arsenal. Jey Singh founded this city early in the 18th century as a substitute for his old and decayed capital Amber. - There are three other towns of the same name in various parts of India.