Johann Georg Kohl, a German traveller and author, born in Bremen, April 28, 1808. He was educated at Gottingen, Heidelberg, and Munich, and after serving five years as a private tutor in Courland, a visit to St. Petersburg and the interior of Russia afforded materials for publications which were so favorably received that he decided to devote his life to travel. He visited England, Holland, Denmark, France, Austria, Hungary, and other parts of Europe; was in the United States and Canada in 1854-'8; and published volumes of travel respecting every country he visited. He also wrote some scientific treatises, as Der Verkehr der Menschen in seiner Abhangigkeit zu der Erdoberflache (1841), Der Rhein (1851), Die Donau (1853), Skizzen aus Natur- und Volkerleben (1851), and a series of essays entitled Aus meinen Hutten (1852). Several of his works have been translated into English, among which are "Kitchi-Gami: Wanderings round Lake Superior" (London, 1857), "Travels in Canada and through the States of New York and Pennsylvania" (1861), and "A Popular History of the Discovery of America, from Columbus to Franklin" (1862). In 1857 he contributed to the Smithsonian institution two papers on the maps and charts of America at different periods, and wrote a supplemental volume to Hakluyt's work, giving a descriptive catalogue of all the maps, charts, and surveys relating to America. Some years later he sent to the Maine historical society a paper giving new and important information respecting the early coast lines and the patents of the first proprietors of the Maine settlements.
Among his later publications are: Geschichte der Entdeckung ton Amerika (1861; translated into English, London, 18G2); Die beiden altes-ten Karten von Amerika (1801); Vom Markt und aus der Zelle (2 vols., 1868); and Die geographische Lage der Hauptstadte Europas (1874). - His sister, Ida Kohl (born July 25, 1814, and married in 1846 to Count Hermann von Baudissin), wrote in connection with him the Englische Skizzen (1845) and separately Paris und die Franzosen (1845).