John Frederick Lewis, an English painter, born in London, July 14, 1805. He early attracted attention by representations of wild animals both in water colors and oils, and between 1830 and 1850 made long and repeated visits to Spain, Italy, Greece, Turkey, and Egypt. His Spanish scenes, representing bull fights, peasants dancing, or episodes in the Carlist war, have been admired, as also the scenes from Italian life, such as " Roman Peasants at a Shrine," and " The Pope Blessing the People." In the exhibition of the water-color society for 1850 appeared his "Harem;" in 1852, "An Arab Scribe, a Scene in Cairo;" in 1854, " A Halt in the Desert" and "Bedouins and their Camels;" in 1855, "The Well in the Desert;" and in 1856, "A Frank in the Desert of Mount Sinai," " Street Scene in Cairo," etc. In 1855 he made his first appearance for many years as a painter in oils in a portrait of an Armenian lady. Among his works are a series of 60 copies in water colors of the masterpieces of the Venetian and Spanish schools, which belong to the Scottish academy. He has occasionally practised engraving both on metal and stone, and has published two volumes of sketches from Spanish subjects. In 1855 he was elected president of the society of painters in water colors.

He resigned in 1858; and in 1859 he was elected associate, and in 1865 member of the royal academy.