John Ft Pemberton, an American soldier, born in Philadelphia in 1817. He graduated at West Point in 1837, became first lieutenant of artillery in 1842, was aide-de-camp to Gen. Worth during the Mexican war, was brevetted captain for gallantry at Monterey in 1846, and major for gallantry at Molino del Rey in 1847, and distinguished himself also at Contreras and Ohurubusco, and at the capture of the city of Mexico, in which he was wounded. He became captain Sept. 16, 1850, and resigned April 29, 1861. He entered the confederate service as a colonel of cavalry, and was appointed assistant adjutant general to Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. In 1862 he was made a brigadier general, and in the latter part of the same year a lieutenant general, and appointed to command the army in northern Mississippi. He was defeated at Champion hills, May 16, 1863, and at Big Black river the next day, and shut up in Vicksburg by Gen. Grant. After a regular siege he surrendered, July 4, 1863. (See Vioksbueg.) At the close of the war he was inspector of artillery, commanding at Charleston. Since then he has been a farmer near Warrenton, Fauquier co., Va., where he now (1875) resides.