John Hawkesworth, an English author, born in London in 1715 or 1719, died Nov. 17, 1773. He was apprenticed to a clockmaker, and afterward seems to have passed some time in an attorney's office. In 1744 he succeeded Dr. Johnson as compiler of parliamentary debates for the "Gentleman's Magazine." In 1752 he began, in concert with Johnson and Thornton, a series of papers called the " Adventurer," on the plan of the "Rambler." This periodical was published twice a week, and ran through 140 numbers, of which 70 were by Hawkesworth. They were very successful, and procured him from the archbishop of Canterbury the Lambeth degree of LL. D. In 1765 he published an edition of the works of Swift, with a memoir. He was critic in the "Gentleman's Magazine" from 1765 to 1772, when he was selected to prepare for publication, at the cost of the government, an account of Cook's voyage to the South sea, for which he received £6,000. The work appeared in 1773, in 3 vols. 4to, illustrated with maps and cuts, and comprised, besides a digest of Cook's papers, a narrative of the previous voyages of Byron, Wallis, and Carteret. He wrote "Zim-ri," an oratorio (1760); "Edgar and Emme-line," a fairy drama (1761); "Almoran and Hamet," an eastern tale (1761); and a translation of Fenclon's Telemaque (1768).