John Thornton Kirkland, an American clergyman, born at Little Falls, N. Y., in 1770, died in Boston, April 26, 1840. He was the son of Samuel Kirkland, a famous missionary among the Indians, graduated at Harvard college in 1789, and was ordained pastor of the Congregational church in Summer street, Boston, in 1794. He was elected president of Harvard college in 1810, and held this office till 1828, when he was enfeebled by a severe attack of paralysis. Although a writer of great and acknowledged excellence, he could never be induced to undertake an extensive work, but published a number of occasional pamphlets and some biographies. Of these, his life of Fisher Ames (1809) was perhaps the most valuable. He exerted a very great influence during his life, by the force of his intellect and character. He impressed himself strongly upon all with whom he came in contact; and during his presidency the college flourished, both in its internal condition and in its external relations.