Joseph Jacotot, a French educator, born in Dijon, March 4, 1770, died in Paris, July 30, 1840. When scarcely 19 he became professor of Latin and Greek literature at Dijon. He enlisted in 1792, was elected captain of artillery, participated in the campaign of Belgium, and was called to Paris to assist in the central board for the manufacture and improvement of gunpowder. He afterward returned to Dijon, where he was successively professor of mathematics and of Roman law. During the hundred days he was elected to the chamber of deputies, favored the cause of Napoleon, and was consequently compelled to leave France. He took refuge in Belgium, where he first made a living by private teaching; in 1818 he was appointed lecturer on the French language and literature in the university of Louvain, and a little later director of the military school of Belgium. He now brought forward his new system of intellectual emancipation, designed to enable every one to learn without a teacher. In 1830 he returned to his native country, lived seven years in Valenciennes, and then went to Paris, where he spent his last years in comparative obscurity.

He published Enseigne-ment unirersel: Langue matei'nelle (Louvain, 1822); Langue etrangere (1823); Musique, des-sin et peinture (1824); Mathematiques (1828); Droit et philosophic panecastiques (Paris, 1837); and numerous articles in the Journal de l'emancipation intellectuelle, which he had established for the diffusion of his doctrine.