Karl Ullmann, a German theologian, born at Epfenbach, Bavaria, March 15, 1796, died in Carlsruhe, Jan. 12, 1865. He was successively professor at Halle and Heidelberg, and in 1853 became bishop of the state church in Baden, and in 1856 president of the supreme ecclesiastical council, retiring in 1860. He was a friend and adopted the views of Schleiermacher. In 1828 he joined Umbreit in establishing the Protestant quarterly review entitled Studien und Kritihen, for which he wrote able essays, afterward enlarged in separate publications. His works include Gregor von Nazianz (Darmstadt, 1825); Ristorisch oder mythisch? directed against Strauss's "Life of Christ" (Hamburg, 1838); Ueber den Cultus des Genius (1840; English translation, "The Worship of Genius," London, 1846); Ueber die Reformatoren vor der Reformation (2 vols., 1841; English translation, "Reformers before the Reformation," by Robert Menzies, 2 vols., Edinburgh, 1855); Ueber die Sündlosigheit Christi (1841; 7th ed.-, Gotha, 1863; English translation, "Apologetic View of the Sinless Character of Jesus," Edinburgh, 1841); and Ueber das Wesen des Christenthums (Hamburg, 1845; 4th ed., Gotha, 1854).