Khotin, Or Chocim, a fortified town of Russia, in Bessarabia, on the right bank of the Dniester, nearly opposite Kamenetz, near the frontier of Galicia; pop. in 1867, 20,917. It is surrounded by hills, which lessen the strategical value of the fortifications. It is the seat of an archbishop of the Greek church. The industry consists chiefly in furnishing supplies for the army. It was anciently a Moldavian city, and became afterward an important stronghold of the Turks against the Poles. The latter, however, achieved here two celebrated victories. In 1621 Gen. Chodkiewicz repulsed here vigorous Turkish assaults on his fortified camp; and in 1673 John Sobieski routed an army of Mohammed IV. in a battle of scarcely two hours. Strengthened by new fortifications since 1718, the place was taken by the Russians in 1739, but restored to the Turks; taken again in 1769, and restored in 1774; taken by the Aus-trians in 1788, but not held; and finally ceded by the peace of Bucharest to Russia in 1812.