I. Dominique Jean, baron, a French surgeon, born at Baudean, near Bagneres-de-Bigorre, in July, 17G6, died in Lyons, July 25, 1842. He studied medicine and surgery at Toulouse, and in 1787 went to Paris, where he was appointed surgeon to a frigate, in which he visited America. After returning to France he became an army surgeon (1792), and served during the wars of the revolution. It was at this time that he invented the ambulances volantes, for which he was rewarded with promotion to the rank of surgeon-in-chief. In 1798 he accompanied the French army to Egypt, where at Aboukir and Alexandria he displayed remarkable bravery. At Austerlitz he attended to the wounded under the heaviest fire; at Eylau he saved a great number of wounded by his daring; at Essling he killed his own horses to make soup for the wounded when other food was wanting; on the battle field of Wagram he received the title of baron; while in Spain and in Russia he extended the same care to the enemy's wounded as to those of the French. At the battle of Waterloo he was wounded, carried as a prisoner from post to post, and was about to be shot when he was recognized by a Prussian soldier and led to Blucher, the life of whose son he had formerly saved, and by whom he was sent under escort to Louvain. On the restoration he was summoned by the emperor Alexander to Paris. He was deprived of his pension, but was made surgeon-in-chief of the royal guard.
His pension was restored to him in 1818 by special resolution of the chamber. Napoleon in his will left Larrey 100,000 francs. "If the army ever erect a monument of gratitude," said the emperor, " it should be to Larrey." Two statues were afterward raised to him, one in 1850 in the court of the Val-de-Grace hospital, another in the hall of the academy of medicine. After the revolution of July he travelled in Belgium, southern France, and Italy, for the purpose of studying epidemics. In 1842 he was engaged in inspecting the hospitals in Algeria, where he was attacked by pneumonia; he hastened to return to Paris, but died on the road. His discoveries relative to gun-shot wounds, cholera, ophthalmia, tetanus, extraction of foreign bodies from the brain, and amputations, were all of the highest importance. There were few branches of surgery on which he did not advance new and valuable views. He was the author of a great number of medical works and memoirs, many of which have been translated into foreign languages.
II. Felix Hippo-Lyte, baron, son of the preceding, born in Paris, Sept. 18, 1808. He served as a surgeon with the French army at the siege of Antwerp in 1830, became professor of pathology at the Val-de-Grace in 1841, and was surgeon in ordinary to Napoleon III., and chief surgeon in the Italian campaign of 1859. In 1867 he was elected a member of the academy of sciences. His writings consist chiefly of reports and contributions to periodicals.