Leopold Schmid, a German theologian, born in Zürich, June 9, 1808, died in Giessen, Dec. 20,1869. He studied at Tübingen and Munich, became in 1839 professor of theology at Giessen, and in 1843 professor of philosophy. In February, 1849, he was nominated to the vacant see of Mentz, but Bishop Ketteler was substituted in his stead by the pope. In his principal work, Der Geist des Katholicismus, oder Grundlegung der christlichen Irenik (2 vols., Giessen, 1848-50), he advocated the return of the Roman Catholics to the doctrines and practices of the primitive church, and urged the adoption of a broader spirit of charity in dealing with Protestant churches. In Ultra-montan oder katholisch? (1867), he proposed as an axiom of state policy to refuse to treat the Roman Catholic hierarchy as the representatives of a distinct religious community, so long as they would not acknowledge the specific claims of the evangelical religion. He also attempted to reconcile seience and faith in his Grundsätze der Einleitung in die Philoso-phie (1860) and Das Gesetz der Persönlichkeit (1862). - See Schröder and Schwarz, Leopold Schmid's Leben und Denken (Leipsic, 1871).