Lodi, a town of Lombardy, Italy, in the province and 18 m. S. E. of the city of Milan, on the right bank of the Adda; pop. about 20,000. It stands on a gentle elevation in the midst of a fertile plain, and consists of the town proper, surrounded by walls with four gates, and eight suburbs. It is well built, and has a fine square lined with arcades. The cathedral has a Gothic facade, and contains a bass-relief which is a remarkable specimen of early Christian art, and several other fine works. Among the churches is that of the In-coronata, said by some to have been built by Bramante, in the form of an octagon, and an exquisite specimen of the renaissance style. Some of the paintings executed for it by Calis-to da Lodi are so like those of Titian that they have been ascribed to him. There are several fine palaces, and other noteworthy buildings are the town hall, the theatre, and the hospitals. Lodi is the seat of a bishop, and contains a diocesan seminary, a lyceum, a gymnasium, and a number of other educational establishments, including a famous English female school.
The principal manufactures are majolica and delft ware and chemical products; but the great staple is Parmesan cheese, which is almost exclusively made in the district of Lodi. The cows set apart for this cheese, many of which are brought from Switzerland, exceed 30,000, and sometimes it is said 70,000, and the annual production is more than 27,-000,000 lbs. - Lodi was built in the 12th century, about 0 m. from Lodi Vecchio, which was of some importance under the Romans, and was called Laus Pompeia in honor of its founder, the father of Pompey the Great. The Milanese, who were in constant hostility to the inhabitants of Lodi, destroyed the old town in 1158, after which the new town sprung up around a fort built by Frederick Barbarossa in 1162. Lodi has acquired celebrity in modern times by the memorable passage of the bridge and the victory over the Austrians achieved here by Bonaparte May 10, 1796.