Louis Anguste Victor De Ghaisne Bourmont, count de, a French soldier, born at the chateau de Bourmont, Maine-et-Loire, Sept. 2, 1773, died there, Oct. 27, 1846. At the beginning of the revolution he emigrated with his father, who was on the staff of the prince de Conde, and after fighting for the Bourbons in La Vendee, he offered his services to Bonaparte. Implicated in the plot of the infernal machine, ho was arrested, but escaped to Portugal, and Ju-not's influence reinstated him in the favor of Napoleon, who, after his distinguished military services in 1813-14, especially at the defence of Nogent, made him general of division. Alternately serving Louis XVIII. and Napoleon, he deserted the emperor on the eve of the battle of Ligny, and proceeded directly to the Prussian headquarters. Joining Louis XVIII. at Ghent, he restored the Bourbon authority in many important towns, and saved several provinces from foreign occupation, in consequence of which he was promoted to the command of a division of the royal guard. In 1823 he commanded under the duke of An-gouleme in the Spanish campaign, and at its end was raised to the peerage.
In 1829 he became minister of war, and in 1830 commander-in-chief of the expedition to Algeria, during which he was made marshal; but after the accession of Louis Philippe, to whom he refused allegiance, he was superseded by Gen. Clausel and dismissed the service. He cooperated with the duchess* of Berry in her attempt to raise an insurrection in La Vendee, served Dom Miguel in Portugal, and went to Rome in the interest of Don Carlos. The amnesty of 1840 permitted his return to France, but he was mobbed at Marseilles, one of his sons being wounded, and his wife dying three months afterward from the effect of the excitement. His testimony against Marshal Ney was regarded as having sealed that soldier's doom.