Luigi Lambruschini, an Italian prelate, born in Genoa, May 16, 1776, died in Rome, May 12, 1854. He entered in youth the order of Barnabites, and became successively bishop of Sabina, archbishop of Genoa, papal nuncio to France, and in 1831 cardinal. Gregory XVI. appointed him secretary of state for foreign affairs, librarian of the Vatican, grand prior of the order of Malta, and minister of public instruction. On the death of Gregory in 1846, he received on the first ballot for the successor the largest number of votes. Under Pius IX. he became member of the state council, bishop of Porto, and chancellor of the pontifical orders. On the outbreak of the political commotions he fled to Civita Vecchia, subsequently returned to Rome, fled again in November, 1848, to Naples, and soon after joined the pope at Gaeta. He returned with him to Rome in 1850, and counselled, it is said, milder measures than those adopted by Cardinal Antonelli. He wrote some devotional works and a polemical dissertation on the immaculate conception, all translated and published in France.