Luis De Gongora Y Argote, a Spanish poet, born in Cordova, Jan. 11, 1561, died there, May 23, 1627. He was the son of a distinguished lawyer, and was educated at Salamanca for his father's profession, but abandoned it for poetry. He lived in his native city poor and obscure till the age of 43, when, having entered holy orders, he was made titular chaplain to Philip III.; but after 11 years of neglect he returned to Cordova in broken health. His early poetry, consisting of ballads and odes, is remarkable for vigor and simplicity, but later in life he adopted an affected, obscure, and highly metaphysical style, which for a time became fashionable in Spain, and even in France, and was imitated by a large school of succeeding poets. It is known as the estilo culto, or cultivated style, and one of its most marked features was the use of obsolete and foreign words and of new and forced constructions. So unintelligible were the poems of Gongora that even in his own lifetime commentaries were written to explain them. His works were published in 1636-46, with a commentary 1,500 pages long by Coronel, a poet of the same school (3 vols. 4to, Madrid).