Lund, a town of Sweden, in the laen of Malmo, on an extensive plain about 6 m. from the Sound, and 21 m. E. of Copenhagen; pop. in 1869, 10,526. There are several tanneries and woollen manufactories in the town. The cathedral is a large irregular edifice, said to have been founded in the 11th century and enlarged at different periods. In size it is the third church in Sweden. The chief object of interest at Lund is the university, opened in 1668, the only one in Sweden besides that at Upsal. It has a library of 100,000 volumes, and several museums and collections of natural history and mineralogy. Pufendorf was professor of the law of nature and of nations in this university in 1670. Lund is a place of great antiquity, and in pagan times is said to have had 80,000 inhabitants. In the middle ages it was the seat of an archbishop, who was considered the primate of the north, but the archbishopric was abolished under Gustavus I. A great battle was fought here between the I Danes and Swedes in December, 1676, in which 10,000 men were killed.
A treaty concluded here terminated the war in 1679.