Lysippus, a Greek sculptor, of Sicyon in the Peloponnesus, flourished in the latter part of the 4th century B. C. He was originally a workman in bronze. Alexander the Great ordered that no one should paint him but Apelles, no one make his statue but Lysippus. He made statues of Alexander at all periods of his life, and in various positions, and the equestrian statues of 25 Macedonian chieftains who fell at the battle of the Granicus. There is a tradition that the celebrated horses of Venice formed a part of this group. Lysippus probably worked exclusively in bronze, and according to Pliny executed 1,500 pieces of all kinds. Among the most celebrated were several statues of Jupiter, including the colossal one at Tarentum, 60 ft. in height; several of Hercules, one of which is supposed to have been the original from which the " Farnese Hercules " was made by Glycon; the sun drawn in a chariot by four horses at Rhodes; "Opportunity," a youth with wings on his ankles, in the act of flying from the earth; and a statue representing a bather scraping himself with a stri-gil, called Apoxyomenos, which the emperor Tiberius caused to be removed from the baths of Agrippa to his own palace.

Lysippus departed in various particulars from the proportions observed by his predecessors, giving his figures smaller heads and more slender bodies. In the elaboration of individual parts he was unsurpassed, and particularly in the execution of the hair.